The CRRC Georgia Policy Bulletin is a series of policy briefs that focuses on a variety of issues facing Georgia. The briefs use rigorous data analysis to help inform decision making.
- February 2021
Adopting car alternatives: who needs encouragement?
People talk about there being too many cars in Tbilisi. Traffic jams, a lack of parking, and high levels of air pollution are all perceived to be common issues. Yet, the data suggest that despite the scope of car-related issues, the number of cars in Tbilisi is still far fewer than in European cities of similar size. However, with continued economic growth, the number of cars (and scale of the problems) in the city streets will continue to grow. This suggests the need for policy interventions to prevent the situation surrounding cars, which people are already unhappy with, from getting worse moving forward. As international experience shows, the successful interventions encourage car-users to shift to more efficient mobility alternatives, including walking. The data shows that a significant share of car rides are made at short distances and potentially can be substituted with walking or cycling. The data help identify the population groups who use cars at short distances and need to be encouraged to use other modes of transportation, which include men residents of Tbilisi’s central districts, the employed, individuals with higher incomes, and parents.
- October 2020
Are Georgian voters polarized?
Talk about political polarization in Georgia is simple to find. One report went so far as to claim that Georgia was among Europe’s most polarized countries. Yet, few actually test these claims against data. This brief tests whether two key characteristics of political polarization among the general public are present. The first is division of society into two political groups. The second is that the two political groups have different policy preferences. The data provide little evidence of either. Indeed, the only thing that divides supporters of the Georgian Dream and United National Movement is the explicitly political, such as partisan victories and politicians themselves. This leads to the conclusion that while there is division in society, there is little political polarization.
- September 2020
Online markets for illicit drugs in Georgia
This document presents the findings of a six-month study into online markets for illicit drugs in Georgia. It examines Matanga, a cryptomarket platform that facilitates the anonymous sale of drugs in Georgia and countries of the CIS. It finds a diverse and active marketplace with 16 unique substances listed for sale in the country, generating nearly 1.6 million USD in revenue over a 194-day period.
The document has two annexes: (1) Methodological Annex; (2) Substance Summary Data.
- January 2020
Child Marriage in Georgia: Economic and Educational Consequences
Child marriage remains a persistent problem in Georgia, with approximately 14% of the adult female population married under the age of 18. The trend has remained stagnant, with no statistically significant changes in the rate of underage marriage over the last 70 years. This represents a clear social and public health issue. In addition to well-documented social and health-related issues relating to underage marriage, this study shows that the practice is associated with worse economic outcomes for women who marry underage. Negative outcomes appear to stem from the lower levels of education women who marry underage attain. Although the primary goal of policy on underage marriage should be its elimination, the data suggests clear policy options to alleviate the economic harm women who have married underage experience.